Department of Family and Community Services

3.1 Apprenticeships and traineeships

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Apprenticeship and traineeship commencements and completions

Current position

44,049 women in NSW commenced an apprenticeship or traineeship in the 12 months to September 2012, compared with 53,862 men. 23,819 women and 29,703 men completed an apprenticeship or traineeship in NSW in the same period.


Gender gap

  • Nearly 10,000 fewer women than men commenced apprenticeships and traineeships in NSW in the 12 months to September 2012. This is a 10 percentage point gap between men and women or a ratio of four women to every five men.
  • Nearly 6,000 fewer women than men completed an apprenticeship or traineeship in NSW in the year to June 2012. This is a 11 percentage point gap between men and women or a ratio of four women to every five men.
The direction of
change over time

In 2011, 10,700 fewer women than men commenced apprenticeships and traineeships. The gap was similar but slightly smaller (9,800) in 2012.

The gender gap in completions, however, has closed from nearly 6,500 in 2010-11 to just under 6,000 in 2011-12.

The ratio of women to men undertaking apprenticeships and traineeships has been closing gradually since 1994-95 (see Figure 3.7). The proportion of women commencing an apprenticeship or traineeship has increased from 27 percent of the total in 1994-95 to 45 percent in 2011-12.

Discussion

Whilst the numerical gap in commencements continues to grow the percentage gap has shrunk. The reason the percentage gap continues to shrink whilst the numerical gap doesn’t is due to the larger percentage increase in the numbers of women compared to that of men. From 2010-11 to 2011-12 the number of women commencing an apprenticeship or traineeship grew by 6.6 percent compared to 3.3 percent for men.

Women from regional and remote areas make up larger proportions of people commencing an apprenticeship or traineeship (34 percent) than their level of representation in NSW (27 percent). Of particular note is that there are nearly twice as many outer regional and three times as many students from remote and very remote areas than these groups’ representation in NSW.

Apprenticeships and traineeships differ in that apprenticeships are longer, at three to four years, and are generally found within traditional trade occupations while traineeships are shorter, at one to two years, and are found across a broader range of occupations.

Year collected: 2011-12.

Data source: Average four quarters to September 2012, NCVER, Apprentices and Trainees Collection.
More information is available at www.ncver.edu.au

Figure 3.7 Women and men’s share of apprenticeship or traineeship commencements, 1995-2012

Fig 3.7

Population: NSW residents who commenced an apprenticeship or traineeship between 1995 and 2012.
Source: VOCSTATS, Apprentices and Trainees collection.

Figure 3.8 Women and men’s share of apprenticeship or traineeship completions, 1995-2012

Fig 3.8

Population: NSW residents undertaking an apprenticeship or traineeship between 1995 and 2012.
Source: VOCSTATS, Apprentices and Trainees collection.