Department of Family and Community Services

1.3 Domestic Violence homicide*

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Current position

In NSW in the 12 months to September 2012, around three-quarters of female homicide victims (27 out of 35) were killed by someone with whom they were in a domestic relationship. This compares to one-fifth of male homicide victims (11 out of 57).

The majority of homicide victims overall are male (61 percent). See Figure 6.2.


Gender gap

  • Female homicide victims are 2.5 times more likely than male victims to be killed by someone with whom they are in a domestic relationship.
The direction of change over time In NSW in the 12 months to September 2012, 27 out of 35 female homicides occurred in a domestic context. This compares to 23 out of 27 the 12 months to September 2011, and 17 out of 28 in the 12 months to September 2010. See Figure 6.2.
Discussion

Family relationships in domestic violence homicides

Of females who were killed in a domestic violence context between 2000 and 2009, 79 percent were killed by their intimate partner and 21 percent were killed by a relative/kin. For males, comparative figures were 32 percent and 49 percent respectively.

For deaths perpetrated by a relative/kin (not intimate partner) in a context of domestic violence, the highest number of deaths were perpetrated by the father of the deceased (26 deaths), followed by the mother of the deceased (18 deaths), and the highest number of victims were between 0 and 4 years of age.

Domestic violence-related attempted murder

During the period from October 2009 to September 2012, attempted murder of females was more likely to occur in a domestic violence context than for males. In this period, almost three-quarters of incidents of attempted murder of women occurred in a DV context (28 out of 38 incidents), compared to almost one-fifth for men (19 out of 108 incidents).

Figure 6.3 shows the proportion of attempted murders that occurred in a DV context, by the victim’s sex, for each year from October 2009 to September 2012. Domestic violence-related attempted murder refers to victims of attempted murder where the relationship of the offender to the victim falls into the same categories as outlined in the notes below.

* For the purpose of this indicator, homicide refers to murder and manslaughter. Domestic violence homicide as defined in this indicator relates to victims of murder or manslaughter where the relationship of the offender to the victim is either spouse/partner, ex-spouse/partner, parent/guardian (including step/foster parent), child (including step/foster child), sibling, member of family – other, or boy/girlfriend (including ex-boy/girlfriend). The data also includes incidents that have been flagged as DV-related by NSW Police.

Year collected: October 2009 to September 2012.
Data source: BOCSAR, NSW Recorded Crime Statistics, unpublished (BOCSAR ref: Dg12/10965, nm1311039); NSW Domestic Violence Death Review Team (2013) Annual Report 2011-12 for information on family relationships in DV homicide. More information is available at www.bocsar.nsw.gov.au; www.coroners.lawlink.nsw.gov.au

Figure 6.2 Proportion of homicides that were DV-related, by sex of victim, NSW, Oct 2009 to Sept 2012

Fig 6.2

Note: ‘Homicide’ refers to murder and manslaughter.
Population: Victims of homicide where the offender and victim are in a domestic relationship, as defined at Indicator 1.3.
Source: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, NSW Recorded Crime Statistics, unpublished (BOCSAR ref: Dg12/10965, nm1311039).

Figure 6.3 Proportion of attempted murders that were DV-related, by sex of victim, NSW, Oct 2009 to Sept 2012

Fig 6.3

Population: Victims of attempted murder where the offender and victim are in a domestic relationship, as defined at Indicator 1.3. The total number of female victims of attempted murder for each year in this graph was: 16, 13 and 9 respectively. For male victims, the total number of incidents for each year in this graph was: 7, 6 and 6 respectively.
Source: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, NSW Recorded Crime Statistics, unpublished (BOCSAR ref: Dg12/10965, nm1311039).