Department of Family and Community Services

5.1 Sex discrimination in employment

share on Facebook share on Twitter share on Yammershare by email

Employment-related sex discrimination complaints received by the NSW Anti-Discrimination Board and the Australian Human Rights Commission in 2011-12

Current position

ADB

Of all employment-related discrimination complaints received by the ADB in 2011-12, 14 percent (89 instances in total*) related to discrimination on the ground of sex. Women accounted for 92 percent of sex discrimination complainants.

AHRC

In 2011-12, of all employment-related discrimination complaints from people in NSW received by the AHRC, 31 percent (107 instances in total*) related to discrimination on the ground of sex. Women accounted for 93 percent of sex discrimination complainants.

Gender gap

  • Women in NSW are around nine times more likely than men to lodge a complaint about sex discrimination in employment.
The direction of
change over time
Sex disaggregated data for previous years was not readily available.
Discussion

ADB complaints

Women were less likely than men to complain about race or disability discrimination in employment: 36 percent of race discrimination complaints and 44 percent of disability discrimination complaints were lodged by women. Of complaints about carer responsibility discrimination in employment, women made up 66 percent of complainants. See Table 6.8.

AHRC complaints

Unlike the ADB complaints, all AHRC employment-related race and disability complaints in 2011-12 were lodged by women (although the numbers were very small: six in each category). Women were also significantly more likely than men to lodge a complaint about family responsibility discrimination in employment (93 percent of family responsibility complainants were women). See Table 6.8.

AHRC complaints relating to sex discrimination in employment occurred most commonly in the financial and insurance services industries (18 percent), followed by the professional, scientific and technical services industry (17 percent) and the arts and recreation services industry (11 percent).

*Note that, as one complaint may allege multiple grounds of discrimination, numbers provided are not a count of unique complaints. The ADB is a NSW statutory authority that investigates and conciliates complaints lodged under the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW). Grounds of unlawful discrimination over which the ADB has jurisdiction are: race, sex, carer responsibilities, marital status, disability, age, homosexuality, and transgender status.

The AHRC is a Commonwealth statutory authority which has a range of functions, one of the core functions being to investigate and conciliate complaints lodged under the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 and other Commonwealth human rights and anti-discrimination legislation. Grounds of unlawful discrimination over which the AHRC has jurisdiction are: race, racial hatred, sex, sexual harassment, pregnancy, breastfeeding, family responsibilities, marital status, disability, age, and include discrimination in employment on the grounds of sexual preference, religion, political opinion, criminal record, and trade union activity.

Sex discrimination data in this indicator includes pregnancy complaints, but excludes sexual harassment, which is reported at Indicator 5.2.

Year collected: 2011-12.
Data source: NSW Anti-Discrimination Board complaints data (unpublished); Australian Human Rights Commission complaints data (unpublished). More information is available at www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/ADB; www.humanrights.gov.au