Department of Family and Community Services

Topic 2: Workforce security

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Another indicator of labour market experience is job permanency or security, as indicated by ongoing or casual status. Ongoing employment provides a more solid basis for housing security and family formation, as opposed to jobs with shorter tenure. Ongoing jobs typically provide employment benefits such as sick, annual and long service leave which help people deal with adversity and take rest. Part-time work is also discussed here as a second indicator because of its close historical association with casual work and workforce security.

Women’s share of full-time employment has increased from 28 percent in 1978 to 36 percent in 2013.

Women today make up over half of casual workers and 70 percent of part-time workers.