Department of Family and Community Services

2.1 Casual employment

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Participation in jobs without paid leave entitlements

Current position

In 2011, 28 percent of NSW employed women worked on a casual basis, compared to 21 percent of men.

Gender gap

  • The gender gap for casual work in NSW is 7 percent.
The direction of
change over time
The gender gap for casual employment remained constant compared to data reported in last year’s Report.
Discussion

The big increases in casual employment in Australia occurred in the 1980s. As Figure 4.4 shows, since the early 1990s, there has been growth in casual employment among male fulltime workers, with the rate going from around 6 percent to 11 percent in 2011. Women’s rate of casual employment also increased, but more slowly.


During the same period, rates of casual work among part-time employees declined, particularly among women where the rate fell from 63 percent in 1992 to 50 percent in 2011 (see Figure 4.5).

In 2011, women made up 56 percent of all casual employees in NSW.

The ABS defines casuals as employees who do not have paid leave entitlements, such as sick leave and holiday leave. They include people in both full and part-time employment. The ABS definition is used in this section, but it should be noted that this group excludes a proportion (around 11 percent) of owners/managers who are estimated to be ‘fixed term’ or temporary workers operating as contractors.

Year collected: November 2011.
Data source: ABS (2012) Australian Labour Market Statistics. Cat no. 6105.0. More information is available at www.abs.gov.au

Figure 4.4 Casual work among full-time workers by sex, NSW, 1992-2011

Fig 4.4

Note: Casual workers are defined here as employees without leave entitlements.
Population: NSW employees.
Source: ABS (2012) Australian Labour Market Statistics Cat no. 6105.0.

Figure 4.5 Casual work among female and male part-time workers, NSW, 1992-2011

Fig 4.5

Note: Casual workers are defined here as employees without leave entitlements. Note that this graph has a different scale (y-axis) to the previous one. The graph shows the percentage of part-time workers who are casual, but note that there are 2.5 times more female part-time workers than male part-time workers.
Population: NSW employees.
Source: ABS (2012) Australian Labour Market Statistics Cat no. 6105.0.