Department of Family and Community Services

4.2 Industry segregation

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The percentage of women and men in major industry divisions

Current position

Strongly male-dominated industries include mining; construction; transport, postal and warehousing; and electricity, gas, water and waste.

Health care and social assistance; and education and training stand out as highly female-dominated industries.

Gender gap

  • Women hold 8 percent of mining industry jobs and 10 percent of jobs in construction in NSW.
  • Alternatively, they hold 78 percent of jobs in health care and social assistance and 69 percent in education and training.
The direction of
change over time

Little has changed in terms of representation of women in male-dominated industries over the past 16 years (see Table 4.7).

In the period from 1996-97 to 2012-13, women increased their presence in the mining; wholesale; and public administration and safety industries.

Discussion

As well as being concentrated in certain occupational groups, women are concentrated in a narrow range of industries.

As with occupational segregation, jobs in industry sectors that are dominated by women are often undervalued in terms of pay, but may have working conditions that better suit women’s requirements.

Indicator 4.2 is industry segregation at the industry division level within the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC). Note that the degree of integration or segregation visible depends on the level of disaggregation selected – within each industry division is a range of sub-divisions with their own patterns of segregation.

Year collected: Four quarters to February 2013 and previous years.
Data source: ABS Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly. Cat no. 6291.0.55.003, SuperTABLE E08. More information is available at www.abs.gov.au

Table 4.7 Women’s share of industry employment over time

Industry 

Women 

1996-97 % 

2012-13 % 

Mining 

4

8

Construction 

12

10

Transport, postal and warehousing 

23

21

Electricity, gas, water and waste services 

21

22

Manufacturing 

28

27

Agriculture, forestry and fishing 

30

30

Wholesale trade 

32

39

Information media and telecommunications 

40

40

Other services 

38

41

Public administration and safety 

36

43

Professional, scientific and technical services 

46

44

Arts and recreation services 

49

47

Rental, hiring and real estate services 

45

47

Financial and insurance services 

54

48

Administrative and support services 

51

52

Accommodation and food services 

53

52

Retail trade 

55

57

Education and training 

66

69

Health care and social assistance 

76

78

Total workforce 

43

46

Note: The industry classification follows ANZSIC divisions. The industries are listed in order of lowest to highest women’s representation in 2012-13.
Population: Employed people 15 years and over.
Source: ABS Labour Force Australia, Detailed Quarterly. Cat no. 6291.055.003, SuperTABLE E06.